Contents

Figures and tables ix

Preface

The Incredible Stretching Machine xiii

Learning by doing xiv
Road map to the manuals xv

Chapter 1

Meet Your Apple IIGS 1

Application programs 2
Disks 2
Peripheral devices 4
Starting up 6
The training disk 7
Starting up the training disk 8
Problems starting up? 9
Stopping 10
Switching applications 11
Control Panel Program 12
Using the Control Panel Program 13

Chapter 2

Once Over Lightly 17

Starting up an application 18
Communicating with an application 19
User interface 19
How information is displayed 20
Creating a document 21
Scrolling 22
Saving a document 22
Formatting a disk 23
Making a backup copy 23
Editing a document 24
Printing a document 25
Essential jargon 26

Chapter 3

The Mouse and the Keyboard

Using mouse based programs 31
Clicking 31
Selecting 31
Dragging 32
Pull-down menus 33
Choosing 34
Editing 35
Inserting 36
Deleting 37
Cutting and pasting 38
Copying 39
Windows 40
Changing the size of a window 41
Moving a window 41
Activating a window 41
Changing the view through a window 42
Closing a window 42
Using keyboard-based applications 43
Moving the cursor 45
Control keys 45
Typing a document 46
Return 46
Shift and Caps Lock 48
Tab 48
Keys that can be confusing 49
Space bar 49
Auto-repeat 50
Type-ahead—keyboard buffer 50
Numeric keypad 51
Summary of special keys 51
 

Chapter 4

Saving Documents 55

Formatting a disk 56
Saving a document 58
Saving to a disk in a certain disk drive 58
Naming a document 58
Saving with a pathname 59
Creating subdirectories 60
Setting a prefix 61
Other ways to save 61
Disk operating systems 62
Apple II disk operating systems 63
 

Chapter 5

Application Programs 67

Choosing an application 69
Word processing 70
Companion applications 71
Data base 71
Spreadsheet 73
Communications 75
Information services 77
Bulletin boards 78
Graphics 79
For business 79
For fun 79
For art 80
Education 80
Adult education 80
Learning by programming 82
Home finance 83
Accounting 84
Recreation 85
Music 86
Special interest 86
Free software 87
More applications 88
Education 88
English 88
Foreign languages 88
Social studies 89
Chemistry 89
Physics 89
Biology 89
Math 90
Astronomy 90
Computer-science tutorials 90
Religion 90
How-to's 91
Hobbies 91
Home 91
Self-help 91
 

 

Chapter 6

Peripheral Devices 93

Connecting peripheral devices 94
Ports and slots 95
Specifying the location of peripheral devices 95
Specifying the slot number 96
Specifying the drive number 96
Choosing peripheral devices 97
Printers 97
Dot matrix printers 98
Daisy wheel printers 99
Thermal transfer printers 99
Modems 100
Monitors 100
Using a television set as a display device 101
Disk drives 102
3.5-inch disk drives 102
5.25-inch disk drives 102
Hard disk drives 103
Memory expansion card 103
Other devices 104

 

Appendix A

The Control Panel Program 108

Getting to the Control Panel Program 109
Using the Control Panel Program 111
Display 114
Type 114
Columns 114
Screen colors 115
Hertz 116
Sound 117
System speed 118
Clock 118
Options 119
Display Language and Keyboard Layout 119
Keyboard Buffering 119
Repeat Speed 120
Repeat Delay 120
Double Click 120
Cursor Flash 120
Advanced features 121
Shift Caps/Lowercase 121
Fast Space/Delete keys 121
Dual Speed Keys 121
High Speed Mouse 121
Activating slots or ports 122
Changing the startup drive 123
Changing the printer/modem port settings 124
Device Connected 127
Line Length 127
Delete First LF After CR 127
Add LF After CR 128
Echo 128
Buffering 128
Baud 129
Data bits/stop bits 129
Parity 129
Handshake signals 130
RAM disk 130

 

Appendix A
Appendix B

Troubleshooting 132

Trouble starting up 132
Starting up DOS 3.2 applications 134
Trouble stopping 135
Trouble using an application 135
Trouble using the keyboard 137
Trouble using the mouse 138
Cleaning the mouse 138
Trouble with the display 139
Trouble saving a document 142
Trouble printing 144
Trouble with the modem 146

 

Appendix C

Apple II Family Differences 149

Keyboard 150
Display 150
40 columns versus 80 columns 151
MouseText 151
Peripheral devices 152
Apple II family overview 154
Apple II Plus 154
Apple IIe 154
Apple IIc 155
Apple IIGS 155
 

Appendix C
Appendix D

Apple IIGS Features and Specifications 156

Features 156
Programming languages 159
Operating systems 159
Specifications 159
Display 159
Microprocessor 160
Memory 160
Keyboard 161
Pin-outs 161
Headphone jack 161
Printer and modem ports 161
Game port 162
Disk drive port 162
RGB video port 163
Apple Desktop Bus 163
Internal speaker 163
Internal game connector 164
Reference manuals 164
Overview 164
Hardware and firmware 164
Development environment 165
Related manuals 165

 

Glossary 167

Index 185

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